Summary - TST 3-4


TST 3-4

José Luis Hernández Marco
Desarrollo urbano y autobuses de transporte público: Transportes Urbanos de Vitoria S.A.

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[ Abstract ]

This is a long-term economic analysis of a specific case of a municipal urban transport public company, Transportes Urbanos de Vitoria, S.A., in the Spanish historical framework of the second half of the 20th century and the more specific context of the current Basque administrative capital, which has undergone a rapid change. The study aims to approach the subject from the economic history to the origin and historical evolution of the business form in which the supply of public transport was established in Vitoria following the Civil War. The study is divided into three parts. The first one fundamentally refers to the characteristics of Vitoria’s urban growth and its causes in order to set out the urban scenario that led to the demand for transport. The second part, after briefly describing the three rather unsuccessful private initiatives during the first forty years of the century, due to the size and morphology of the city, goes into the struggle between the private and public initiatives during the 50s and the beginning of the 60s, which would end with the City Council holding the monopoly for the rest of the 20th century and the legal emergence of the municipal company “Transportes Urbanos de Vitoria, S.A.” in 1967. The third and last part of the study traces the corporate history of this company, TUVISA, up to the year 2000, and is particularly focused on the reasons for the worsening of the company’s financial statements from the end of the Seventies and the possible justification of public subsidies.